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Using Wetlands for Water Pollution Control

By: , Posted on: December 2, 2015

integrated constructed water
Integrated constructed wetland near Monaghan, Ireland


Wetlands have been recognized as an important natural resource throughout human history. The water purification capability of constructed wetlands is being valued as an attractive option in wastewater treatment.

Reed beds provide a useful complement to traditional sewage treatment systems. They are often a cheap alternative to expensive wastewater treatment technologies such as trickling filters and activated sludge processes.

Vertical-flow and horizontal-flow wetlands based on soil, sand, and/or gravel are commonly used to treat domestic and industrial wastewater. They are also applied for passive treatment of diffuse pollution, including mine drainage, as well as urban and motorway runoff after storm events.

Furthermore, wetlands serve as a wildlife conservation resource and can also be seen as natural recreational areas for the local community. Common Reed, Bulrush and other macrophytes are typical for swamps and constructed wetlands.

The role of wetlands for water pollution control will also be discussed during the AGU Fall Meeting in 2015. Furthermore, Prof. Miklas Scholz will give a keynote speech on green infrastructure at the Ajman 4th International Environment Conference 2016.

About the Book

wetlands for water pollution control

Wetlands for Water Pollution Control is also the title of a new book covering broad water and environmental engineering aspects relevant to the drainage and treatment of storm water and wastewater.

This is the second edition of the original textbook entitled Wetland Systems to Control Urban Runoff, which was published by Elsevier in 2006. This revised edition includes a more detailed and broader view of the subject area, attracting a wider audience of academics and practitioners.

More detail has been added to some chapters to account for technological advances in treatment units and scientific progress in areas such as molecular microbiology. Furthermore, the subject area has been broadened to account for more multidisciplinary approaches such as the ecosystem services concept to solve engineering science challenges with a holistic angle.

In order to realize this new approach, both updating and expansion of the current content was required. The second edition has been expanded by about 40%, making it more competitive in a market where readers have more choice and flexibility due to advances in technology and the open access policy.

Wetlands for Water Pollution Control, 2nd Edition, is available for purchase at the Elsevier Store. You can save 30% for a limited time on the discounted price when you use code STC215 at the checkout. A sample of Chapter 20 on Constructed Wetlands  is available for free below:

Download (PDF, Unknown)

About the Author

miklas scholzProf. Miklas Scholz, cand ing, BEng (equiv), PgC, MSc, PhD, CWEM, CEnv, CSci, CEng, FHEA, FIEMA, FCIWEM, FICE, Fellow of IWA holds the Chair in Civil Engineering at The University of Salford. He was previously working at The University of Edinburgh. He is the Head of the Civil Engineering Research Group in Salford.

He has shown individual excellence evidenced by contributions to world-leading publications, postgraduate supervision, and research impact. His main research areas in terms of publication output are treatment wetlands, integrated constructed wetlands, sustainable flood retention basins, permeable pavement systems, decision support systems, ponds, and capillary suction time. About 45% and 40% of his research is in water resources management and wastewater treatment, respectively. The remaining 15% is in capillary processes and water treatment.



He has published four books and more than 177 journal articles covering a wide area of topics. Between 2009 and 2015, he topped the publication list in terms of numbers for all members of staff at The University of Salford. Prof. Scholz’s full journal article publications in recent years are as follows: 2009 (13), 2010 (19), 2011 (13), 2012 (21), 2013 (17), and 2014 (15). He has total citations of more than 2845 (above 2122 citations since 2010), resulting in an H-Index of 28 and an i10-Index of 64.

Prof. Scholz is Editor-in-Chief of 16 journals, including the Web of Science-listed journal Water (impact factor for 2014: 1.428). He has current membership experience on 52 editorial boards.

His new guidelines on sustainable flood retention basins (SFRB) and integrated constructed wetlands (ICW) have led to the international uptake of both the novel SFRB and ICW concepts. This work has particularly benefited the British Isles, Central and Northern Europe, and has an excellent uptake potential for large regions in America, Asia and Africa.

You are very welcome to contact Prof. Scholz in case you wish to discuss wetlands for water pollution control.


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