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Proposed New Element Names
The proposed names for elements 113, 115, 117 and 118 have been announced by IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry). The 4 new elements are Nihonium, Moscovium, Tennessine and Oganesson.
Announcing the proposed names Lynn Soby, Executive Director of IUPAC described it as ‘an exciting day for the world’. Those groups responsible for the discovery of these new elements submitted their proposed name and elemental symbol following IUPAC’s confirmation of the elements existence in January this year. The naming criteria for an element states that proposed names can be derived from various sources including mythological figures or concept, geological places, scientists, elemental properties, or minerals.
Nihonium (Nh) is the proposed name for element-113 and is named after Japan. If accepted this element will be the first East Asian name to appear on the Periodic Table. Nihonium was synthesized by Kosuke Morita’s group at RIKEN in Japan after they bombarded a bismuth target with zinc-70 nuclei in 2004 and 2012.
Following their creation in 2010 by the combined teams of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Russia and the Oak Ridge and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories, US, elements 115 and 117 have been provisionally named Moscovium (Mc) and Tennessine (Ts) respectively. The naming of both elements takes inspiration from the geographical locations of each lab. Moscovium is named after Moscow, where the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research is based and Tennessine is a tribute to Tennessee, home to a large amount of the superheavy element research conducted in the US.
The same group has also named element-118 Oganesson (Og), in honor of the Russian nuclear physicist Yuri Oganessian who led the team that synthesized element-117.
The four names are now subjected to a five month consultation period where they will be put up for public scrutiny to ensure they fit within all languages before IUPAC finally ratifies their names.
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