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Movement Disorders in Childhood
Movement disorders are an expanding area of specialization within the field of child neurology. Clinics devoted to pediatric movement disorders are rapidly appearing in the United States and in developed countries throughout the world. The number of fellowship training positions and child neurology residents entering the field continues to grow, although not sufficient to satisfy the growing need for pediatric movement disorder experts. National and international societies are devoting major segments of their conferences, or even entire meetings, to issues pertaining to movement disorders in children. We are also pleased to note increasing collaborations, among pediatric and adult neurologists and basic scientists, with the common goal to better understanding the etiology, mechanism, and treatment of conditions discussed in this book.
It is likely that multiple factors have contributed to the expansion of interest in the field of pediatric movement disorders. Researchers are providing new insights into the development and maintenance of motor control, volitional, and habitual behaviors. Advances have been made in identifying the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms in several hyper- and hypokinetic movement disorders, especially regarding the circuitry interconnecting the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum, and brainstem. Recognizing that these same circuits are also involved in cognition and emotion, the interest and number of multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary research protocols has expanded. Progress in the areas of molecular and clinical genetics, developmental and metabolic disorders, and immunologic disorders, such as autoimmune encephalitis, has provided investigators with exciting methodologies with which to diagnose and better understand underlying disease processes. Lastly, there is the ever present awareness and desire to improve care and to develop new and improved therapies for children affected with movement disorders.
Our decision to write the first edition Movement Disorders in Childhood was based on a perceived need for a high-quality, comprehensive text devoted to movement disorders in children. In order to develop this useful resource, several working guidelines were established. First and foremost, each chapter was to be written by a neurologist with a strong clinical and scientific background and expertise in the field of childhood movement disorders. Second, the number of authors would be limited, in order to maintain an active dialogue and comprehensive review of each chapter. Lastly, recognizing the educational limitations of written descriptions of abnormal movements, the inclusion of videos was a requirement. These same guidelines, successfully implemented in the first book, were again used in this Movement Disorders in Childhood, Second Edition.
In the six years since publication of the first edition, our understanding of processes responsible for typical motor development and those underlying pathologic disorders has grown dramatically. Advances in basic and translational neuroscience, expanded clinical characterizations, availability of new diagnostic tests, and the discovery of new therapies has required a substantial revision of each chapter. However, based on the positive feedback from the initial edition, the basic format of the book was maintained. We have also added four new chapters reflecting expanded information on motor assessments, hereditary spastic paraplegias, movement disorders in autoimmune diseases, and motor disorders in neuropsychiatric conditions. We have once again attempted to provide a resource that provides a fundamental background of neuronal circuitry, a guide to efficient patient evaluation, and a comprehensive review of disorders. We hope that this information is of interest and value to readers at all levels of experience. In closing, we look forward with great anticipation to future clinical and scientific advances in the area of ‘movement disorders in childhood.’
Movement Disorders in Childhood, Second Edition, by By Harvey S. Singer, Jonathan Mink, Donald Gilbert, and Joseph Jankovic provides the most up-to-date information on the diseases and disorders that affect motor control, an important area of specialization within child neurology.
In 2016, it was honored by the honored at the British Medical Association’s annual BMA Medical Book Awards ceremony with a “Highly Commended” award in the category of Neurology.
“The book is an original contribution in comparison with other works because it reviews extensively all kind of movement disorders in childhood and it offers also image support like a video atlas. The text is accurate and it is supported by reliable and updated references. It is a comprehensive, updated, reliable and illustrated review.”– BMA Awards Committee
We are pleased to offer a complementary chapter from the book called ‘Diagnostic Evaluation of Children with Movement Disorders’ below. This chapter provides a systematic approach to diagnosis of both rare and common movement disorders.
If you found this chapter interesting, you can access additional chapters online via ScienceDirect. If you prefer to order a print or e-copy, please visit the Elsevier Store. Apply discount code STC317 at checkout and receive up to 30% off the list price and free global shipping.
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