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Materials Selection for Natural Fiber Composites
Materials Selection for Natural Fiber Composites is based on our long and solid experience with natural fiber composites. Books about natural fiber composites have, in fact, been published, but the emphasis has been mainly on the characterization and performance of such materials. It was noticed that there was the real need to write a book on material selection for natural fiber composites, as no book (either edited or authored) is found in the market dealing with this subject, let alone for natural fiber composites. Therefore, we strongly believe, the readers will greatly benefit from this book, as the majority of the materials contained therein are considered new to the research community.
This book is the first systematic effort toward developing a better understanding of material selection for natural fiber composites. In this book, we’ve put a lot of emphasis on the use of material-selection tools, particularly the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), a simple and yet very powerful tool in solving different issues in material selection for natural fiber composites, along with other established tools and techniques that can be implemented in natural fiber composite selection to expand the sustainable design possibilities, as well as to support the cleaner production needs for the future.
The focus of this book is on natural fiber composites only—even though a book on the material selection of composite materials itself is still missing. This is because we have been dealing most, specifically, with natural fiber composites for more than15 years, and we felt, our contribution to this part of the topic was much greater and more information that was based on our own experiences in dealing with natural materials could be shared. Indeed, natural fiber composites, in the recent years, have become important materials used in different industries such as automotive, aerospace, defence, medical, furniture, and the building and construction industries, and the need for developing tools and techniques of material selection for such materials has become more apparent. In consequence, this book is filling a gap, documenting the latest research and developments, as well as providing a better understanding for a bio-based material selection system for various industrial applications with various conflicting criteria, as we have successfully introduced and established new methodologies for enhancing the selection of natural fiber composites and their constituents for sustainable industries, as well as having established new assessment methods for the material selection process in this field.
Furthermore, this book is sufficiently important to support advancements in recent knowledge about natural fiber composite material selection, because without this book, researchers will have difficulty obtaining a step-by-step approach for this process. This does not mean the reader will be given a tool like software to help them with material selection, but this book can help and guide the reader to perform material selection for bio-based materials in uncertain environments, with simultaneous conflicting criteria and parameters, to achieve successful, low-cost, eco-friendly products, as well as satisfying both technical and customer satisfaction attributes in a fairly optimized manner.
In dealing with natural fiber composites, we are more concerned with material selection criteria such as strength, stiffness, low cost, lightweight, availability, renewability, recyclability, biodegradability, and environmental friendliness. Most of these criteria are unique to natural fiber composites and therefore many industries are very serious about adopting these materials for their products.
We are hopeful that this book will become a good guide for those who are dealing with material selection, and with design and product development from natural fiber composites.
Due to the rapid growth of the accessible set of materials (in both types and numbers), sophisticated relationships among various evaluative criteria, in addition to selection parameters of materials appear. This has made the synergy between materials characteristics and their desired performance in selecting the most appropriate materials for a particular application a challenging task. This chapter focuses on various aspects and issues related to materials selection. It discusses the relationship between materials selection and design, the need for materials selection, and presents a discussion on tools and techniques in materials selection. Conventional methods of materials selection, the famous Ashby chart, various advanced materials selection tools and techniques, either using procedure-based tools or artificial intelligence tools, are covered.
- Focuses on materials selection for natural fiber composites
- Covers potential tools and techniques, such as analytical hierarchy process, knowledge-based systems, Java-based materials selection system, artificial neural network, the Pugh selection method and digital logic technique
- Contains contributions from leading experts in the field
The highly interdisciplinary field of materials science examines elements of applied physics and chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering. Nanoscience and nanotechnology in particular have yielded major innovations in this area, such as graphene and carbon nanotubes. Elsevier’s authoritative content in this area ranges from undergraduate textbooks to multi-volume reference works investigating the relationships between the structure of materials and their properties. Our journals (including Materials Today), books, and eBooks help researchers stay abreast of developments in this swiftly advancing field, coving major sub-disciplines like energy and power; metals and alloys; ceramics; composite materials; polymer science and biomaterials; interdisciplinary materials science; and structural materials.