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AGU 2015: 5 Top Articles for FREE
In the run-up to AGU 2015, we are thrilled to announce that the following articles from innovative Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences are FREE access on ScienceDirect. The Reference Module combines thousands of exclusive comprehensive and encyclopedic articles along with the knowledge from 20 world-leading Major Reference Works into one interdisciplinary product. Every month the content is reviewed, updated and new articles are commissioned where needed to ensure the latest developments and discoveries are covered. Achieve more with this empowering resource, click here or visit booth #223 at AGU to learn more!
Climatology is an environmental systems science defined by complex multi-dimensional internal physical and biogeochemical interactions and feedback mechanisms that are further driven by external processes which together produce multifaceted and often surprising responses.
Earth History is the branch of Earth Sciences dealing with the history of the planet, from its beginnings more than 4.5 billion years ago, to modern times. This includes the history of the planet itself, the changing physical environment, and the response of fauna and flora to those changes.
Earth Surface Processes considers the physical and chemical fluxes across the Earth’s surface, the processes that determine these fluxes, and the resulting landscapes. The Earth’s surface acts as a diffusive boundary that separates the atmosphere from the lithosphere, resulting in a global topography determined by the interaction of tectonic and climatic processes.
The widespread use of conventional energy started during the industrial revolution with coal combustion and hydro power as main electricity sources, later followed by oil and nuclear power as main contributors of energy. For a long time, little was done to mitigate the well-known environmental risks associated with these energy sources. Recently, issues such as increased CO2 emissions put energy and environment higher on the political agenda and we are nowadays taking challenges in waste management, water, peak oil, peak phosphorous and pollution into consideration in energy systems development.
Water is essential to life and is the defining characteristic of Earth, the blue planet. Hydrology is the study of the global water cycle and the physical, chemical, and biological processes involved in the different reservoirs and fluxes of water within this cycle.
Earth & Environmental Science
The fields of Earth science, planetary sciences, and environmental science encompass disciplines critical to the future of our world and its inhabitants. Our well-being depends on a thorough understanding of air and water resources, soil chemistry, atmospheric dynamics, geology, and geochemistry, along with a myriad of other aspects of the environment we live in. Elsevier supports the efforts of researchers and scholars in these areas with content that meets their cross-disciplinary needs: journals, books, eBooks, and online tools that span computer science, chemistry, energy, engineering, biology, agronomy, ecology, environmental impact and many other topics fundamental to the study of our world. Learn more about our Earth and Environmental Science books here.